Dr. Oliver Lindemann

University of Potsdam - Division of Cognitive Science

Address:  Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24/25 - 14476 Potsdam - Germany
Office: Golm Campus, Building 14, Room 6.24
Phone: +49 331 977 2915
Email:oliver.lindemann [at] uni-potsdam [dot] de
Web: Faculty, Potsdam Embodied Cognition Group
PGP: 2048R/012A516A
ACCF 352B F97C 6878 E8D5 5921 C58E DEDA 012A 516A
Office hours:  Click here to make an appointment

About me

Research interests

Mathematical cognition, Perception-action coupling, Embodied cognition, Development of numerical skills, Bayesian statistics, Computational modelling


  • 2008 Ph.D., Cognitive Psychology, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Netherlands
  • 2001 M.Sc., Psychology (''Diplom Psychologe''), minor subject Mathematics, University of Trier, Germany


Journal Articles

Krause, F., Bekkering, H., Pratt, J. & Lindemann, O. (in press). Interaction between Numbers and Size during Visual Search. Psychological Research. doi: 10.1007/s00426-016-0771-4 (pdf)

Nazir, T. A., Hrycyk, L., Moreau, Q., Frak, V., Cheylus, A., Ott, L., Lindemann, O., Fischer, M. H., Paulignan, Y. & Delevoye-Turrell, Y. (in press). A Simple Technique to Study Embodied Language Processes: The Grip-Force Sensor. Behavior Research Methods. doi: 10.3758/s13428-015-0696-7

Lindemann, O. & Fischer, M (2015). Editorial: Embodied Number Processing. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 27, 381-387. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2015.1032295. (pdf)

Stapel, J. C., Hunnius, S., Bekkering, H., & Lindemann, O. (2015). The Development of Numerosity Estimation: Evidence for a Linear number Representation Early in Life. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 27, 400-412. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2014.995668 (pdf)

Wiemers, M., Bekkering, H. & Lindemann, O. (2014). Spatial Interferences in Mental Arithmetic: Evidence from the Motion-Arithmetic Compatibility Effect. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67(8), 1557-1570. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2014.889180 (pdf)

Krause, F., & Lindemann, O. (2014). Expyriment: A Python Library for Cognitive and Neuroscientific Experiments. Behavior Research Methods, 46(2), 416-428. doi: 10.3758/s13428-013-0390-6 (pdf)

Krause, F., Lindemann, O., Toni, I., & Bekkering, H. (2014). Different Brains Process Numbers Differently: Structural Bases of Individual Differences in Numerical Representations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26(4), 768-776. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00518 (pdf)

Van Dam, W., Rueschemeyer, S.-A., Bekkering, H., & Lindemann, O. (2013). Embodied Grounding of Memory: Toward the Effects of Motor Execution on Memory consolidation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 12, 2310-2328. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2013.777084 (pdf)

Krause, F., Bekkering, H., & Lindemann, O. (2013). A feeling for numbers: Shared Metric for Symbolic and Tactile Numerosities. Frontiers in Psychology, 4 (7). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00007 (pdf)

Lindemann, O., & Krause, F. (2012). Zählen mit den Fingern: Verkörperung oder Veranschaulichung? Lernen und Lernstörungen, 1(1), 60–62. doi: 10.1024/2235-0977/a000009 (pdf)

Paulus, M., van Dam, W., Hunnius, S., Lindemann, O., & Bekkering, H. (2011). Action-effect Binding by Observational Learning. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18, 1022-1028. doi: 10.3758/s13423-011-0136-3 (pdf)

Lindemann, O., Nuku, P., Rueschemeyer, S.-A., & Bekkering, H. (2011). Grasping the other's attention:  The Role of Animacy in Action Cueing of Joint Attention. Vision Research, 51(8), 940-944. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2010.12.009 (pdf)

Lindemann, O., & Tira, M. (2011). Operational Momentum in Numerosity Production Judgements of Multi-digit Number Problems. Journal of Psychology, 219(1), 50-57. doi: 10.1027/2151-2604/a000046 (pdf)

Lindemann, O., Alipour, A., & Fischer, M. H. (2011). Finger Counting Habits in Middle-Eastern and Western Individuals: An Online survey. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42, 566-578. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2010.12.009 (pdf)

Girardi, G.*, Lindemann, O.*, & Bekkering, H. (2010). Context Effects on the Processing of Action-relevant Object Features. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 36(2), 330-340. doi: 10.1037/a0017180 (*shared first authorship) (pdf)

Rueschemeyer, S.-A. Lindemann, O., van Rooij, D., van Dam, W., & Bekkering, H. (2010). Effects of Intentional Motor Actions on Embodied Language Processing. Experimental Psychology, 57(4), 260-266. doi: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000031 (pdf)

van Dam, W., Rueschemeyer, S.-A. Lindemann, O., & Bekkering, H. (2010). Context Effects in Embodied Lexical-Semantic Processing. Frontiers in Cognition. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00150 (pdf)

Rueschemeyer, S.-A. van Rooij, D., Lindemann, O., Willems, R. M., & Bekkering, H. (2010). The Function of Words: Distinct Neural Correlates for Words Denoting Differently Manipulable Objects. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(8), 1844-1851. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2009.21310 (pdf)

Lindemann, O., & Bekkering, H. (2009). Object Manipulation and Motion Perception: Evidence of an Influence of Action Planning on Visual Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 35(4), 1062-1071. doi: 10.1037/a0015023 (pdf)

Paulus, M., Lindemann, O., & Bekkering, H. (2009). Motor Simulation in Verbal Knowledge Acquisition. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62(12), 2298-2305. doi: 10.1080/17470210903108405 (pdf)

Lindemann, O., Rueschemeyer, S.-A., & Bekkering, H. (2009). Symbols in Numbers: From Numerals to Magnitude Information. Commentary. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 32(3-4), 341-342. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X09990550 (pdf)

Rueschemeyer, S.-A., Lindemann, O., van Elk, M., & Bekkering, H. (2009). Embodied cognition: The Interplay between Automatic Resonance and Selection-for-Action Mechanisms. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 1180-1187. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.662 (pdf)

Rueschemeyer, S.-A., Lindemann, O., van Elk, M., & Bekkering, H. (2009). Resonance and Intention in Embodied Theories of Language. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39:1194-1195. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.683 (pdf)

Lindemann, O., Abolafia, J. M., Pratt, J., & Bekkering, H. (2008). Coding Strategies in Number Space: Memory Requirements Influence Spatial-Numerical Associations. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(4), 515-524. doi: 10.1080/17470210701728677 (pdf)

Lindemann, O., Abolafia, J. M., Girardi, G., & Bekkering, H. (2007). Getting a Grip on Numbers: Numerical Magnitude Priming in Object Grasping. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 33(6), 1400-1409. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.33.6.1400 (pdf)

Lindemann, O., Stenneken, P., van Schie, H. T., & Bekkering, H. (2006). Semantic Activation in Action Planning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 32(3), 633-643. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.32.3.633 (pdf)

Hannus, A., Cornelissen, F. W., Lindemann, O., & Bekkering, H. (2005). Selection-for-Action in Visual search. Acta Psychologica, 118(1-2), 171-191. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2004.10.010 (pdf)

Books & Book Chapters

Lindemann, O. & Fischer, M. H. (2015). Cognitive Foundations of Human Number Representations and Mental Arithmetic. In R. Cohen Kadosh & A. Dowker (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. (pdf)

Van Elk, M., Van Schie, H. T., Lindemann, O., & Bekkering, H. (2007). Using Conceptual Knowledge in Action and Language. In P. Haggard, Y. Rossetti, & M. Kawato (Eds.), Attention and Performance XXII: Sensorimotor Foundation of Higher Cognition (pp. 575-599). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. (pdf)

Lindemann, O. (2008). Action and Cognitive Processing: Functional Links between Action Planning and the Processing of Perceptual, Semantic and Mathematical Information. PhD Thesis. University of Groningen, Groningen. (pdf)

Published Abstracts

Sixtus, E., Lindemann, O., & Fischer, M. (2014). The Flexibility of Finger-based Magnitude Representations. Cognitive Processing. Proceedings of 12th Biannual conference of the German Cognitive Science Society. doi: 10.1007/s10339-014-0632-2 (pdf)

Lindemann, O. & Paulus, M. (2012). Acquisition of action knowledge through verbal and social learning. Cognitive Processing. Special Issue ICSC 2012 5th International Conference on Spatial Cognition: Space and Embodied Cognition, 13, S10-S10. (pdf)

Technical Reports

Lindemann, O. & Fischer, M. H. (2013). Learning Effects of Arithmetic Problem Solving while Unlocking a Mobile Phone. Technical Report. University of Potsdam. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.18094 (pdf)


Expyriment: An open-source and platform-independent lightweight Python library for designing and conducting timing-critical behavioral and neuroimaging experiments (http://www.expyriment.org/)

Doctoral Dissertations Supervised

Florian Krause, 2010 - 2014, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Nijmegen; Title: ''Numbers and magnitude in the brain: a sensorimotor grounding of numerical cognition'' (pdf)

Michael Wiemers, 2012 - present, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Nijmegen; Preliminary title: ''An Embodied Cognition Approach to Improving the Design of Mathematics Animations for Primary Education''

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(c) Oliver Lindemann